Depression rehabilitation is a serious issue. In this page we will investigate symptoms, causes, effects, and treatment options for depression. If you find your depression symptoms to be unbearable, we urge you to seek out depression rehab centers in your area to find a rehabilitation center near you. Clinics, programs, and treatment options are readily available in your area.
Depression is a mental disorder classified in the category of mood disorders. It is known as major depressive disorder, clinical depression, or unipolar depression, and is characterized by a low mood, anhedonia (loss of pleasure), fatigue, and low self-esteem. Those who are depressed often lose interest in activities that were once enjoyable.
Major depressive disorder can be very disabling and affects a person’s job or school performance, personal and family life, and overall health tremendously. Depression is linked to suicide, and up to 60% of those who commit suicide having depression or another mood disorder. Around 3.4% of depressed people in the United States commit suicide.
Depression is a very treatable illness with many patients responding positively to treatment methods. Most patients are treated with an antidepressant medication for mood disorders and in most cases they also receive psychotherapy. For depressed patients who have extreme self-neglect and who become suicidal, hospitalization may be required. Some patients are treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) under anesthesia.
Depression often requires several years of treatment for a patient to fully recover, however complete recovery is possible. Depression like other mood disorders may be hereditary and environmental factors may also contribute to the development of the illness. Psychological treatments are based on the latest science on mood disorders and theories of personality and learning.
There are several treatment options available, as well as local depression rehab centers in your area.
Depression is easier to spot in individuals than other mood disorders and illnesses because although the symptoms of depression may vary, many patients who are depressed show similar symptoms. Although most people may feel despair from time to time in their lives, they usually recover from their despair after some time, and those negative emotions normally do not spiral into more powerful emotions. Those who are depressed essentially cannot control their feelings of despair and those feelings are maintained throughout time.
Since those who are depressed are often not eager to get help, it is important for family and friends to recognize the symptoms of depression and suggest help to a person who might be depressed. Typically, depressed people feel and show signs of persistent sadness. They lose interest in activities that they previously enjoyed such as their favorite hobbies or social events. They may shut themselves off from family and friends.
Although some of those who are depressed feel sadness, others describe depression as being in a “black hole” of despair, emptiness, and numbness. Depressed people will sleep excessively, experience extreme fatigue, have an inability to concentrate, lose or gain their appetite, become more irritable and short-tempered, and may have thoughts of suicide. A negative self-image and self-hatred is common among those who are depressed as well.
The causes of depression and other mood disorders are many, and there is no one specific cause for the illness. Scientists believe that depression like other mood disorders is caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and social factors. For those with depression, they may be able to overcome genetic factors with lifestyle, relationship, and environment choices. The diathesis-stress model suggests that depression may result when a pre-existing genetic potential for depression is activated by a stressful event. There are many other suggested causes for depression and other mood disorders as well.
There are several risk factors for depression. Those who experience intense sadness after the loss of an opportunity, losing a job, become sick, or losing a loved friend or family member may develop depression. Serious financial strain and other stressors can lead to the development of depression. Alcohol or drug abuse may also trigger depression, and the treatment of depression and other mood disorders is more difficult when a person is addicted to drugs or alcohol. Martial or relationship problems or difficult break-ups in romantic relationships may result in depression.
The physical causes of depression are thought to be related to the regulation of the monoamine neurotransmitters which are serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. Most depression medications change the levels of one or more of these neurotransmitters, and there are a number of hypotheses that suggest neurotransmitter regulation as being significant in depression as well as other mood disorders.
Effects of Depression
Children and adolescents often experience depression in a different way than adults. Children and adolescents may show sudden changes in behavior, increased risk-taking, angry or agitated behavior, changes in appetite, changes in sleeping patterns, low self-esteem, changes in appearance or dress, and giving up of their possessions. Children and adolescents are more likely to be depressed if they have a stressful home environment.
Adults may tend to isolate themselves completely when depressed while teenagers may isolate themselves from everyone except for a few people. Adults and adolescents both may attempt to self-medicate with drugs or alcohol. In adults, martial distress and problems are often linked to depression. Relationships may become strained when one partner does not understand the symptoms of depression in the other, or if both partners are depressed.
Adults who are depressed may have a significant effect on their spousal relationships and on their children. The children of depressed parents are more likely to have behavioral and social problems at school than the children of non-depressed parents. The children of depressed parents may act in a similar method as their parents when dealing with stress and become withdrawn or irritable. The children of depressed parents who also have substance abuse problems are also more likely to develop both depression and substance abuse problems later in life.
Treatment for Depression
The three most common types of depression rehabilitation and treatment are medications, psychotherapy, and electroconvulsive therapy. Medications used may include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as sertraline, fluoxetine, or other types of medications. For treatment of those under the age of 18, psychotherapy is the primary preferred method. The term “treatment-resistant depression” refers to cases that do not respond to courses of at least two antidepressants, and this type of depression may be treated better with other methods like psychotherapy.
Certain lifestyle changes may make the treatment of depression easier. Developing better relationships and more positive relationships with others can help with treatment. Regular exercise is shown to be beneficial by many studies on depression. Sleep pattern regulation is important for treatment as well. Stress management and relaxation techniques can be useful for minimizing symptoms. Negative thought patterns can be controlled through cognitive techniques or other techniques.
Psychotherapy in various forms is used in combination with medications to treat depression and other mood disorders. Psychotherapy consists of cognitive-behavioral therapy, family therapy, and interpersonal therapy. Psychotherapy has been shown to reduce the recurrence of depression even after it has been discontinued, although most psychotherapy treatment plans are typically long term. In most cases, outpatient treatment is sufficient, however for suicidal and severe depression, hospitalization in a depression rehabilitation clinic or hospital may be necessary.
Consider contacting depression rehab centers in your area. Depression rehab centers are beneficial in more severe cases, but can be extremely effective.